The winner will be announced on 25 August.
Goalkeeper Courtois and Benzema won the Champions League, with the striker named 2021-22 Uefa Champions League Player of the Season.
Courtois was Player of the Match in the Champions League final.
Midfielder De Bruyne won the 2021-22 Premier League Player of the Season.
The top three nominees were chosen from an original list of 15 players which included Paris St-Germain's Kylian Mbappe, Roma's Lorenzo Pellegrini, Bayern Munich's Sadio Mane and Liverpool's Virgil van Dijk, Mohamed Salah, Trent Alexander-Arnold and Fabinho.
All the winners will be announced at the Champions League group-stage draw ceremony in Istanbul.