The Foxes fell behind on 29 minutes when Harry Kane converted, despite Wilfred Ndidi having a goal disallowed by VAR early on.
Inspired by the equaliser, James Maddison went on to score a stunning winner to send the Foxes second in the Premier League standings.
“It was a great game," Rodgers told LCFC TV. “There was real emotion in the stadium and when I think of Leicester, that's the type of game I think about – that intensity, that aggression.
“The crowd was amazing for us and I thought we played very, very well and deserved the three points. [It was] action-packed, but it was a very, very good team performance.
“We needed to start the game with that intensity, and I think the crowd then sense our appetite and our aggression in the game. Then, of course, different things happen in the game.
“We had a goal disallowed and they then get in front. I thought the players then, in the second half, showed a really good resilience and focus and of course, they had a goal then disallowed as well.
“But our reaction to get back into the game… we changed system in the game to try and be even more aggressive in attack, and it worked well for us."