Sturridge was banned for a fortnight and fined £75,000 by the FA.
But ex-Sutton keeper Shaw received a two-month suspension and a £375 fine after eating a pie during the FA Cup game with Arsenal in February 2017.
He lost his job at Sutton and was found guilty by the FA of “influencing a football betting market" after it emerged a bookie had taken money on him scoffing a pie.
Shaw, 48, told The Sun: “It is one rule for one and another for everyone else. At my hearing I was told if I admitted guilt, I would get a ban between six and nine months.
“I said 'What am I guilty of, I'm guilty of eating f***ing pie!' I lost my livelihood. It still hurts now."
The FA found evidence of conversations between Sturridge and his family and friends about possible moves away from Anfield in 2018.
Had they been successful in placing all the bets, bookies would have lost more than £300,000.
Shaw, now general manager at AFC Totton, added: “With me it was nothing like those figures, it was a publicity stunt.
“The bookies paid out just £2,600.
“They went through everything — bank statements, phone records. They had nothing on me."