The 22-year-old made 33 appearances for Kilmarnock last season as Killie finished eighth in the Scottish top flight.
Right-back Hendrie, who joined Burnley from Derby County two years ago, enjoyed his experience north of the border and he is confident he is returning to the Clarets a better player than he was 12 months ago.
“I loved it," he told the Lancashire Evening Telegraph. “I didn't really know what to expect when I went up there but I really benefited from it and learned a lot on and off the pitch.
“It was about playing first-team football and getting experience and I got a lot of that.