Both clubs have agreed to the proposal to hold the 6 December fixture at the Miami Dolphins' Hard Rock Stadium.
The RFEF and the players' union (AFE) were both vocal in objecting to the move on that occasion.
La Liga signed up to play one game a season in the US as part of a 15-year deal with media company Relevent in 2018.
La Liga president Javier Tebas said: "This match would be a further push in La Liga's internationalisation strategy, which is giving all clubs good results. We believe that on this occasion, we will be able to carry out this positive opportunity for everyone, like they already do in other leagues like the NFL and the NBA, outside of their borders."
Atletico Madrid chief executive Miguel Angel Gil Marin added: "We would be able to bring Spanish football closer to the fans and followers who live outside of our country. It would be a great game, which would show the way to go in the future."