Argentina had looked to be cruising to victory when goals from Nahuel Molina and Lionel Messi put them into a two-goal lead heading into the dying minutes. However, a late brace from Wout Weghorst took the game to extra-time, and then penalties were needed to separate the two sides.
It was left to Martinez to save two spot-kicks, as Argentina progressed to the semi-finals
The two sets of players clashed after the final whistle, and Martinez was at the heart of it as he launched abuse towards the opposition dugout.
"Keep your mouth shut you f***ing t***! I f***ed you twice!" he said.
He was not the only Argentina player to struggle to control his temper as Lionel Messi was also furious and broke away from a TV interview to shout at one of Holland's staff: "What are you looking at? Fool!"
Messi then went to confront Dutch coach van Gaal, with assistant coach Edgar Davids having to play peacemaker after a match full of emotion.