Taylor told the Sunday Mirror: "It is a huge honour to captain your country at any level and I am thrilled that Stuart Pearce has made me captain going into the European Under-21 Championship campaign.
"We have a good squad, a great manager and now my target is to get England on course for the finals in 2009. But, having had a taste of the full England squad, that has to be my ultimate target.
"It is a formidable queue, but I suppose it would have been even tougher for me to break through if Jamie Carragher hadn't decided to retire from international football."
But Taylor admits that he received a massive boost after teaming up with his hero Terry during his week with England.
Taylor added: "It was a fantastic experience. I imagined there would be a bit of rivalry between players from Arsenal, Chelsea, Liverpool and Manchester United, but I was amazed by how laid-back the atmosphere was in the England camp. There was a real sense of togetherness.
"When I was a teenager I went to Wycombe on loan and learned an awful lot about playing centre-half from Tony Adams.
"But later in my career John Terry became the one I looked up to. He is a world-class centre half and has a commanding presence.
"He is also a very approachable guy and on the day of the Germany game he even took time out to talk me through set-pieces and other tactical issues.
"He has become my role model and I watch his game closely to see how I can improve my own performances."