The Magpies and Cottagers fought hard for the point which was mainly brought about by a top-notch Mark Schwarzer save in the 52nd minute.
The Australian denied Andy Carroll an eighth goal of the season when he produced a stunning save from Carrollâ€™s volley to keep his side in the contest.
Newcastle dropped to seventh from fifth as Fulham remained 15th on the league table.
Venue: St Jamesâ€™ Park, Newcastle
Referee: Lee Probert
Yellow cards: NU - Michael Williamson 45â€™, Cheick Tiote 66â€™
FU - Brede Hangeland 56â€™, Danny Murphy 90â€™
Tim Krul (gk), Fabricio Coloccini, Michael Williamson, Jose Enrique, Danny Simpson, Kevin Nolan, Cheick Tiote, Peter LÃ¶venkrands (Ranger 77â€™), JonÃ¡s GutiÃ©rrez, Danny Guthrie (Routledge 76â€™), Andrew Carroll
Mark Schwarzer (gk), Brede Hangeland, Aaron Hughes, Damien Duff, Stephen Kelly, Danny Murphy, Simon Davies, Clint Dempsey, Zoltan Gera (Etuhu 70â€™), Andrew Johnson (E.Johnson 89â€™), Moussa Dembele
Subs - David Stockdale (gk), Dickson Etuhu (70â€™), Eddie Johnson (89â€™), Jonathan Greening, Diomansy Kamara, John Pantsil, Matthew Briggs