Ferdinand, 34, played 81 times for England in a career that lasted 14 years.
Calling it a day, Ferdinand said: “After a great deal of thought, I have decided the time is right for me to retire from international football.
”At the age of 34, I feel it is right for me to stand aside and let the younger players come through, which allows me to concentrate on my club career.
”The team looks in great shape and there is an influx of young, talented players coming through the ranks which bodes well for the future.
”I regard it as a great honour and a privilege to have represented my country at every level from U17s upwards.
”I have always been very proud to play for England. I would like to wish Roy and the team all the best for future tournaments.
”A big thank you to all the fans, managers, coaching staff and players that I have worked alongside — the journey has been incredible."