Former Chelsea boss Guus Hiddink has taken the Turkey job.
The Russia boss, who last week announced he will leave his current post in the summer, will steer Turkey through the Euro 2012 qualifiers and there is the option to extend the deal for a further two years when it runs out after the finals.
Turkey are in Group A, along with Germany, Austria, Belgium, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan.
A statement on the federation website read: "Dutch coach Guus Hiddink has accepted to take charge of Turkey until August 2012 after announcing he won't extend his contract with the Football Union of Russia which was due to expire on 30 June.
"Turkish Football Federation (TFF) president Mahmut Ozgener and TFF vice-president Lutfi Aribogan flew to Amsterdam to finalise the negotiations with Hiddink.
"The 63-year-old experienced coach agreed to a two-year contract with an option for a further two years."