The Toon fell to defeat and Cabaye admits the day gave him mixed emotions.
"It means a lot, because in my career this is probably only about the fifth time it has happened," the midfield maestro told nufc.co.uk.
"For me it was fantastic, especially to receive the confidence from the manager for this role. It is a big thing.
"But nothing changed for me. I stayed relaxed, focussed and I didn't want to be different just because I was captain.
"It was an honour for me but the main thing is the result and for my first time as Newcastle captain I lost the game. That is very disappointing."